In the german spoken regions, a university is defined as a superior institution when it offers the totality of all the sciences – divided into the classical departments: theology, medicine, law, natural sciences, humanities, and economics. There are also technical and pedagogical departments. They usually also award academic degrees, but only for specific subjects.
In Germany, there are 106 state universities and 217 technical institutions. Access to these colleges is free. In Switzerland, there are twelve state universities, including the two Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology in Zurich and Lausanne, which occupy a very high position in the global rankings. There are also about 20 polytechnical schools. The average semester rate is about 900 francs. Compared to the US or Britain, university studies in Switzerland and Germany are low-cost, since state universities are mainly funded with taxpayers’ money.
However, the cost of living in Switzerland is very high. So, depending on the place of study and personal needs, it is between 20,000 and 30,000 francs per year. The cost of living in Germany is about one third lower. However, Switzerland grants scholarships to international students through the Swiss Federal Scholarships Commission for Foreign Students (ESKAS).
The school year consists of two semesters (winter and summer semester). In the middle of the two, there is the non-lecture period, in which scientific work is developed and the evidence is prepared and carried out, or vacations are had.
Courses in Germany and Switzerland have been adapted to achieve the new master and baccalaureate degrees defined in the “Bologna Reform” of pan-European university harmonization. Across Europe, 45 countries have joined this process. One consequence of the “Bologna Process” is that graduates are getting younger and their training periods are significantly shorter.
Generally, the requirement for enrollment is the “university entrance qualification”. This is indicated by the proof that foreigners could study at the university in their country of origin and meet the requirements of the Swiss diploma “Matura” and the German diploma “Abitur”. The universities themselves decide which diplomas from which countries they accept. Some courses (Medicine in Germany and Switzerland, as well as Pharmacy, Veterinary Medicine and Dentistry in Germany) have a general admission restriction (numerus clausus).
Students not coming from the EU / EFTA should include a course plan indicating their training objective (maturation, bachelors, masters, etc.) in the application. Also, prospective students need a written letter from the institution confirming that they can attend the classes and have the necessary language skills.
The graduates of the Swiss-Brazilian School of Curitiba receive the IB (International Baccalaureate) Diploma. This diploma fundamentally matches an “Abitur” or a “Matura” high school diploma. Universities and colleges in Switzerland and Germany determine on a case-by-case basis how many points students must have obtained in the IB Diploma and which combination of subjects they must have chosen to gain access to the university or college.
Studies in Switzerland:
Studies in Germany:
Classification of universities: